10 Reasons Why Fracked Gas Isn’t the Future We Want

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#1: Fossil Fuels emit greenhouse gasses

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Sources: 
https://www.epa.gov/ghgemissions
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Greenhouse_gas

#2: “Natural” gas is basically methane

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Sources: 
Chemical Composition of Natural Gas (Union Gas, 2017)
Methane emissions and climatic warming risk from hydraulic fracturing and shale gas development: implications for policy (Howarth, Robert; Energy and Emission Control Technologies, October, 2015)

#3: Gas infrastructure leaks methane

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 Sources:
Natural Gas and Global Warming: A Review of Evidence Finds that Methane Leaks Undercut the Climate Benefits of Natural Gas (Infrastructure USA, August 2016)
With New Tools, A Focus on Methane Leaks (Yale Environment 360, April 2016)Lost and Unaccounted for Gas and Infrastructure Replacement for LDCs (ICF Whitepaper, EPA.gov, March 2015)

#4: Fracking puts water supplies at risk

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Sources:
Hydraulically fractured wells provide two-thirds of U.S. natural gas production (US Energy Information Administration, May 2016)
Fracking Can Contaminate Drinking Water (Scientific American, April 2016)

#5: Fracking isn’t EPA regulated
The Halliburton Loophole, passed in 2005 exempts oil and gas from pollution rules for water.

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Sources:
Hidden Data Suggests Fracking Created Widespread, Systemic Impact in Pennsylvania (Public Herald, January 2017)
Special report: How the U.S. government hid fracking’s risks to drinking water (State Impact/NPR, November, 2017)

#6: Compressor stations emit tons CO2

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Sources: 
Average GhG emissions from passenger vehicle: EPA website https://www.epa.gov/greenvehicles/greenhouse-gas-emissions-typical-passenger-vehicle-0
Annual Projected CO2 emissions: Millennium Pipeline Company, FERC. Docket No. CP16-486-000, March 2017

#7: Compressor stations have regular “blowdowns”

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Sources:
A Brief Review of Compressor Stations (Kloczko, Yale University 2015) 

#8: Compressor Stations emit hazardous air pollutants

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Source:
EPA greenhouse emissions average from Hancock and Minisink, 2014, 2015 http://ghgdata.epa.gov

#9: These pollutants harm health

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Source:
Compressor Station and Heath Risks (Curtis Nordgaard, MD, MSc, Pediatrician)

#10: Shale gas is a finite resource

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Sources:
How Long Will Drilling in the Marcellus Shale Last? (Marcellus Drilling News, March 2010)
Natural gas: The fracking fallacy (Nature, International Journal of Science, December 2014)

 

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